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All you need to know about Low HB Count | 01st August, 2017

Hemoglobin is the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the bodys tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs. Hemoglobin is made up of four protein molecules (globulin chains) that are connected together.

Normally low hemoglobin counts
A slightly low hemoglobin count is not always a sign of illness — it may be normal for some people. Women who are pregnant commonly have low hemoglobin counts.
Low hemoglobin counts associated with diseases and conditions
A low hemoglobin count can be associated with a disease or condition that causes your body to have too few red blood cells. This can occur if:
  • Your body produces fewer red blood cells than usual
  • Your body destroys red blood cells faster than they can be produced
  • You experience blood loss
Diseases and conditions that cause your body to produce fewer red blood cells than normal include:
  • Aplastic anemia
  • Cancer
  • Certain medications, such as anti-retroviral drugs for HIV infection and chemotherapy drugs for cancer and other conditions
  • Cirrhosis
  • Hodgkins lymphoma (Hodgkins disease) (Hodgkins disease)
  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
  • Iron deficiency anemia
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Cystitis (bladder inflammation)
  • Leukemia
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes
  • Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining)
  • Vitamin deficiency anemia
Diseases and conditions that cause your body to destroy red blood cells faster than they can be made include:
  • Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly) (splenomegaly)
  • Porphyria
  • Urinary tract infection (UTI)
  • Thalassemia
  • Vasculitis
  • Hemolysis
A low hemoglobin count can also be due to blood loss, which can occur because of:
  • Bleeding from a wound
  • Bleeding in your digestive tract, such as from ulcers, cancers or hemorrhoids
  • Bleeding in your urinary tract
  • Frequent blood donation
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding 
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Mawuena Workartey/ Ghanahospitals.org

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